The shaduf is
a pole pivoted into the ground with a stone weight hung from one end and a bucket hung form the other. It was used to transport
water from the Nile.
The Egyptian calendar had three seasons: Inundation, Seed and Harvest.
If the pyramids were in fact built, they most likely would have been built during Inundation when the
Nile flooded, so that farmers were free to build.
Hieroglyphics were the Egyptian’s
“picture-script”. They consisted of pictographs (symbols are drawn as pictures of what they actually represent) and phonograms (symbols representing a specific sound).
The Rosetta Stone was discovered with three languages appearing
on it: Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphics and demotic
(the Egyptian common language). By using the Greek at the bottom of the stone and the hieroglyphics
at the top, the demotic language could be deciphered.
Mummification is the Egyptian process used
to preserve a corpse and prepare it for the afterlife. The body was placed in natron, sodium carbonate dissolved in water, which acted as a salt bath for
seventy days then completely covered.
The sarcophagus was
the stone coffin used in the pyramids for the mummified bodies.
Each person had a spiritual double known as their ka. The ka was kept in the heart and left in the body to proceed to the next life.
Mastabas were mud-brick tombs found at
were also known as “rulers of foreign lands”. The Hyksos gained control of Egypt
around 1650 BCE.