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The Ramp Theory

The ramp theory suggests that Egyptians built the Great Pyramid themselves, moving the limestone blocks into place with teams of workers. These workers were inspired primarily by religious conviction as well as a firm King. Most of the limestone was gathered from a quarry located on the Gizeh Plateau, however the finer white limestone used in the casing came from Tura which was located across the Nile. The Granite used to make the King’s burial chamber was taken from Aswan, and was ferried by boat to the pyramid site. The blocks were cut out and trimmed just before putting them into place. Stonemasons would clean and smooth the limestone once the structure was complete. To cut out the stones, copper chisels, wooden wedges and dolerite hammers were used. The Limestone was soft enough that these tools would work adequately with periodic sharpening.


Egyptians would haul the bricks of limestone to the pyramid using wooden rollers, rafts and sleds. They would make a trail in the clay and pour water along the track and pull the wooden rollers through the slippery track. The workers would then use mud and rubble to create a ramp in which they would slide the bricks into place. On higher levels it is thought that pulleys and ropes were used to hoist the bricks into place.

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