theory suggests that Egyptians built the Great Pyramid themselves, moving the limestone blocks into place with teams of workers.
These workers were inspired primarily by religious conviction as well as a firm King. Most of the limestone was gathered from
a quarry located on the Gizeh Plateau, however the finer white limestone used in the casing came from Tura which was located
across the Nile. The
Granite used to make the King’s burial chamber was taken from Aswan, and
was ferried by boat to the pyramid site. The blocks were cut out and trimmed just before putting them into place. Stonemasons
would clean and smooth the limestone once the structure was complete. To cut out the stones, copper chisels, wooden wedges
and dolerite hammers were used. The Limestone was soft enough that these tools would work adequately with periodic sharpening.
Egyptians would haul the bricks of limestone to the pyramid using wooden rollers,
rafts and sleds. They would make a trail in the clay and pour water along the track and pull the wooden rollers through the
slippery track. The workers would then use mud and rubble to create a ramp in which they would slide the bricks into place.
On higher levels it is thought that pulleys and ropes were used to hoist the bricks into place.